Key points when considering rural property development
With the improvement in the UK economy, continued low interest rates, shortage of office space in some areas and the introduction of Permitted Development Rights for the conversion of some farm buildings, our farming and landowner clients are showing an increased appetite for property development.
If you are considering some development work, here are some key points to consider before embarking on the project:
This may sound obvious, but in a farm scenario it may not be entirely straightforward. Time may lead to incorrect assumptions being made regarding the ownership of farm assets. Elements of the assets, land or buildings, may be in a different, historic, family ownership. When considering ownership, do not forget the access to the site. Uncle Bob may be quite content with agricultural vehicles crossing his land, but may not be so keen on the idea of development traffic and an increased amount of domestic traffic.
2. Requirements of the Site
Following on from the above, is the existing access, including from where it joins the public highway, suitable for the proposed development and is it free from any restrictions? Are there existing rights of drainage that can be utilised or a right to tap into existing services? If so, are they suitable for the proposed development? For example, an existing septic tank may well not be able to accommodate additional development and inadequate power supplies can be expensive to upgrade.
3. Restrictions upon the Site
It is not uncommon to find rights of adjoining owners or third parties affecting rural development sites. Rights of way can impact a site, while mineral rights may be an issue if deep foundations are required. Sporting rights have been used to block developments on green field sites and the registration of the site as a Village Green can also frustrate.
Rural sites can often be burdened by restrictive covenants. Previous owners can have retained the right to benefit from the development uplift or a right of pre-emption. These issues can often be resolved, but may threaten the viability of the proposal.
Planning permission is the most obvious consent required and an early conversation with the relevant Planning Officer will give a good indication of whether the initial investment will be worth while. Don’t assume that the Permitted Development Rights for small scale conversion of agricultural buildings to residential use will negate the need for planning permission. Many planning authorities seem to be doing their best to thwart such development. If existing buildings on the site are Listed, Listed Building Consent will be required. Consent may also be needed for any work affecting trees on the site.
With the new RDPE coming on stream, there may be grant aid available if you are developing for commercial use. It is worth checking what is, and will be, available in your area.
Given the above, I should not really need to stress the importance of holding early discussions with your professional advisers. Sadly, this does not always happen. There are still times when we are asked to sort out costly and time-consuming problems which could have been avoided with the right advice at the outset.
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